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        关于Essay写作正文(Body)部分的详解

        发表时间:2019-05-08

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               在之前小编已经分享过很多关于Essay写作的文章了,而今天主要来和大家聊一聊关于Essay写作正文(Body)部分的详解。

        关于Essay写作正文(Body)部分的详解

        关于Essay写作正文(Body)部分的详解

               正文在essay中主要是用来阐述文章的中心思想或者主题,他在文中的比重是最大也是最重要的一部分。他需要由几段内容构成,每一段则称之为:body paragraph。接下来我们一起看一看body paragraph的两种组成结构:

               TAXES式:

               ?Topic Sentence(主题句):一句话阐述此段的论点

               ?Assertion statements(主张句):用几句话阐明论点

               ?eXample(例子):举例一些相关事实

               ?Explanation(解释):联系观点和例子,说明上面的例子是如何支持论点的。

               ?Significance(意义):总结阐释本段论点是怎么论证文章主题的。

               Hamburger paragraph式:

               ?Topic Sentence(主题句):用一个中心提出观点

               ?Supporting Evidence(支持论据):用事例来证明

               ?Conclusion Sentence(总结句):扣住观点分析材料

               接下来,我们再说一些重点。

               Topic Sentence的写作要点

               第一,要弄清楚主题句是在表达一个观点,而不是事实。

               错误 事实:Plagiarizing is to steal and pass off the ideas or words of another as one's own.

               正确 观点:People can avoid plagiarizing by taking certain precautions.

               第二,主题句要具体点明一个观点,而不是只是说一个话题、

               错误 话题:Today I'm going to discuss the benefits of gardening.

               正确 观点:Gardening gives us pleasure and is very effective to our minds.

               最后,你的观点不能使泛泛而谈,而是非常确定的,不能模糊。

               错误 模糊:The United States suffered a lot during the Civil War.

               正确 确切:Sherman's destruction in the South during the Civil War also caused incredible suffering.

               如何引用论据

               有一个原则是我们要遵守的,所有列举的论据,都必须要保证与主题有关。

               论据包含以下几种类型:

               ?Research data(研究数据)

               ?Published case studies(公开的案例研究)

               ?Published opinions(发表的观点)

               ?Facts(事实)

               ?Research from books,journal articles,websites,etc.(书刊、网站等媒体上的调查研究)

               论据的引述方法:

               Summarising(概括):用简洁的语言概括原本的信息

               Quoting(引用):逐字逐句地复制原本的信息

               Paraphrasing(复述):重新组织原本的信息

               并且我们还需要记住两个重点:1、论据要自然地穿插于文中;2.切记一定要标明论据的来源。

               比如下面例子中的表达:

               Further insight into income inequality is provided by Dr.Delaney,an economist at Stanford,who is of the opinion that…

               重要的过渡

               文章的段落与段落之间、句与句之间,都需要良好的过渡。

               过渡能够让文章具有连贯性和统一性,没有过渡的文章就是句子随机拼凑在一起,文中的逻辑很难叫人领会。

               错误 无过渡:Students who write academic essays need to provide effective transitions.Transitions allow writers to connect the main ideas that are present in an essay.Using conjunctive adverbs and other introductory elements allow a writer to connect one sentence to the next.The use of these words will make the writing more fluent and less choppy.Many students fail to use effective transitions,and the essay comes across as disconnected.Writers should always be aware of the need to connect both sentences and paragraphs together.

               正确 有过渡:Students who write academic essays need to provide effective transitions.It is the use of these transitions that allow writers to connect the main ideas that are present in an essay.For example,by using conjunctive adverbs and other introductory elements,a writer can easily connect one sentence to the next.Moreover,the use of these words will make the writing more fluent and less choppy.Unfortunately,students often fail to use effective transitions,and,as a result,the essay comes across as disconnected.To avoid this,writers should always be aware of the need to connect both sentences and paragraphs together,and they should strive to find creative ways to do so.

               加了过渡词以后,整篇文章连贯了很多,所以在文章初稿写完以后,还要再通读一遍,在不够连贯的地方加上适当的过渡。

               以上就是关于Essay写作正文(Body)部分的详解,希望对同学们今后的写作有所帮助。另外meeloun最近正在举办十周年庆典,活动力度超大,详情请关注我们Meeloun官网获取哦。

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